What makes a work, a design or art? Does it, makes people react in a certain way or does or does it function for a purpose without causing emotional reaction . This debate has gone on for centuries. Whether men creates work for functional purposes only or for self gratification as well. Two philosopher question, the ideas of many whether it was for functional reason they creating or emotional reason to satisfy.
Immanuel Kant and David Hume where philosopher s from the eighteenth century that debate reasoning for man to create things. David Hume coming from the humanistic and art back ground . His view point shows the work of man should just aby other for emotional of the espunces not person who creates. Hume said “ What exists in the nature of things is the standard of our judgment; what each man feels within himself is the standard of sentiment. Propositions in geometry may be proved, systems in physics may be controverted; but the harmony of verse, the tenderness of passion, the brilliancy of wit, must give immediate pleasure.” The reason why Hume said work of man should evoke and emotional resounds so the creator could be judged by others. Immanuel Kant different from David Hume point. Kant goes more of the function analytical sides and purpose creating work . Kant said the object as disnge purpose that buty has no equivalent to function.. Not only the . What significant about The Book Kells , the present itself as a an design but also has art work that promotes an emotional response . t art work shows higher valuable than the book design, make’s the viewer look at the images first than what the text said in the book. Which makes it surprising that time.
Through interpretation and research, The Book of Kells points out , that the design point of view takes the forefront. It could be perceived by some people as an art form after hundreds of years . During its creation it served a purpose and had a specific functional role .The definition of design is to create an object that serves a purpose, a function and use . It is the opposite from art in that it does not evoke an emotional response . Design has a higher valuable of interpidation because not only it is an object of art but it has also multiple uses and function. The Book of Kells showed the reason and history behind this hypothesis
The book the described the history of Christianly written by Christian Monks . The main theme of the book was focusing on the life of Jesus Christ. It was to convince the people, that He was the son of God. Describing the history and the miracles that He was performing, through witness of the time who saw him. The Book of Kells was written form the 7th the century to the 9th century . It was handed around from one monastery to an other until it settled in Kells, Ireland. . The clergy in Ireland designed and wrote the book for the reason of converting the people to the catholic church. It inspired the story of Jesus Christ for all of the classes of society. It also heavily influence the skeptics .
When the Monks wrote The Book of Kells they crated illustration behind each story to so that the illiterate people would understand them . Theses illustration were beautiful works of art but their purpose was much higher. They served an important function to propagate Christianity .The text was written in Gallic in order to make it comprehensible for the literate local population. Both artistic design of the illustration and of the writing evoked deep emotional responses
One of the theories is that the Book of Kells was designed was not only for spiritual inspiration and evangelization of the population but also the church to grow politically and economically. The Catholic Church during that time was the most influential and growing religion in all of Europe. Collecting money or some form of revenue was important for the clergy to grow .
The book incorporated local culture such as local symbols and images. Similar books written in other part of European continent also reflect the incorporation of the local culture .when these book where written the functional purposes was much greater than the artistic endeavor. Today we regard theses books with high artistic value and often they arouse in us a heighted emotional response. The beautiful art works and calligraphy are unreproducable even to this day .